State's hunting rules allow loaded guns to be uncased in vehicles and permit firing at pheasants and other small game from and across highways. Safety advocates say road hunting is dangerous. But others support the laws because they allow those without access to private land to hunt and eliminate the need for long distance walking.
A mandatory effort in Minnesota shows regulation can be effective in reducing agricultural runoff. But some say a regulatory approach is unnecessary, citing progress in South Dakota with volunteer methods.
Repairing and replacing aging, overworked treatment plants is an important step in improving the quality of South Dakota rivers, some of which provide drinking water for communities. But costs would fall largely to residents.
Most attempts to mitigate damage from runoff of agricultural operations and urban construction are voluntary in South Dakota. Few farmers and contractors opt to use sometimes costly pollution-control processes.
Pollution control violations are common at city and industrial treatment plants that send treated wastewater into rivers. Yet the state is behind in updating discharge permits and inspecting the wastewater plants.
State waterways are under siege from cities, industries and agriculture. South Dakota News Watch special report shows early 50 million gallons of treated sewage, chemicals and bacteria flow into rivers each day with potentially dangerous consequences for human health.